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Cubism began in the early 20th century and is most associated with Pablo Picasso and Georges Braque, who lead the way for the movement. There are various types of Cubism -Analytic Cubism began first, and Synthetic Cubism came after. Some art historians also refer to Early Cubism, High Cubism, and Late Cubism, which altogether date between 1906 and 1921. All kinds of Cubism in their various years were major avant-garde advancements in the art world. Cubism tends to be abstract, and often rearranges the different parts of subjects, as well as breaking them down into their respective geometric shapes. Cubist works are portrayed from various different angles, often appearing fragmented. Analytic Cubism rarely used color, whereas collage and many other materials were introduced with Synthetic Cubism, adding to the layering and rearranging of shapes and parts of objects. Picasso’s Les Demoiselles d’Avignon is often considered the first major movement toward Cubism, and this 1907 work of his was influenced strongly by African masks. Paul Cézanne is also considered to have inspired Cubism, and even called the “Grandfather of Cubism,” as he recognized the importance of the geometric shapes within the objects he painted. Cubism continues to influence contemporary artists working today.


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